Mexico has some amazing beaches — long stretches of pristine white sand and crystal clear waters stretching from Cancun to Playa del Carmen and down the Mayan Riviera. But the area’s biggest and best attraction is a hidden gem, buried deep beneath the earth, beyond the eyes and imaginations of most travelers to Cancun. They are Mexico’s cenotes. Until now, you may not have even known they existed, but there are thousands of cenotes in Mexico.

What is a cenote?

ziplining
Ziplining into a cenote (photo by Xplor Ziplining)

Cenotes are sinkholes. They are caves and tunnels that form underground when the limestone bedrock above collapses or caves in to reveal subterranean pools of water. The water in the pools is often pristine and so clear that you can see right down to the bottom. The water is fresh, having filtered through the rocks for many decades.

The Mayans thought of the cenotes as sacred wells and believed they were a way to speak to the Gods. They built their communities around the cenotes and used them for sacred rituals. While these are practices of the past, the cenotes are still seen as sacred to many of the inhabitants of the area, so visitors should be as respectful of cenotes as possible.

There are an estimated 7,000 cenotes in Mexico on the Yucatan peninsula alone, making it a prime spot to check out this natural phenomenon. You will simply be amazed!

Swimming in a cenote  in Cancun is one of the coolest things I’ve ever done.

The experience is really unlike any other I’ve had. It feels very much like you’ve found a secret that the rest of the world doesn’t know about, and a little like you’ve stepped into an ancient world that’s been untouched by human destruction. It’s really breathtaking.

Where are the best Yucatan cenotes?

It’s not difficult to find Mexico’s cenotes to explore. There are many you can stop at if you have a rental car. You can then choose which cenotes you want to visit and make your own plan. However, even if you don’t have a car, there are guided tours to some of the most popular cenotes in Tulum and the surrounding areas, that also include a stop at one of the nearby Mayan ruins (Tulum, Coba or Chichén Itzá). Note that there really aren’t any Cancun cenotes you can visit. Most of them are located further south and to the west.

⇒ We highly recommend this tour – we’ve taken it ourselves and thought it was really well planned and was a ton of fun: Cenote Triple Adventure in Tulum

Dos Ojos cenote
Dos Ojos cenote (photo by Flickr user Guillén Pérez)

Cenotes in Tulum

  • Cenote Dos Ojos is one of the biggest and best cenotes in Mexico.  It is located just 15 minutes from Tulum. There is a vast system of caves at Dos Ojos, extending up to 61 km in length. The name comes from there being two distinct areas of the cenote. It’s perfect for swimmers and divers. The water is warm all year round. Dos Ojos Cenote is open from 8am to 5pm.
  • Gran Cenote is another very popular cenote near Tulum. It is just a few kilometers north, on the highway to Coba. It’s perfect for families, because it’s shallow on one side, with a sandy bottom. You can snorkle around looking at the stalagmites and stalactites both above and below the water. Or you can go on a dive. When you’re finished swimming, you can stay for a picnic at one of the provided picnic areas. Gran Cenote is open 10am to 5pm.
  • Cenote Angelita is a spot for advance divers. The cave extends down 200 feet, with an interesting landscape as you go deeper and deeper.
  • Cenote Sac Actun — We went on a tour with AllTourNative Ecoarcheological Expeditions, called Tulum + Jungle Maya Expedition. The adventure began at the Cenote Sac Actun, part of the world’s largest underground river, where we participated in a traditional purification ceremony. Next, we rappelled about 30-feet down into a pristine pool of cold water.  Then we flew through the trees on a number of different zip lines, the last one leading directly into the Nohoch Nah Chiich cavern, where we snorkeled through dark and deep caves that seemed to go on for miles. In some places, the stalactites hanging from the ceiling of the cave was only a couple of inches above our heads, while the stalagmites reached up at us from hundreds of feet below.
Kantun Chi cenote
Kantun Chi Cenote (photo by Flickr user Robert Pittman)

Cenotes in Playa del Carmen

  • Cenote Azul is located about 14 miles south of Playa del Carmen, making it a very convenient stop, no matter where you’re staying in the Riviera Maya. There are a few other cenotes right nearby (Cristalino and Jardin of Eden), so you can even make a day of it. Azul is quite large, with plenty of different areas to explore. You can even jump from the rocks into the water.
  • Kantun-Chi is an ecopark, and one of the most commercialized cenotes you can visit. Expect to a higher price for the added conveniences. They have several grottos and cenotes to check out. You can walk along the paths in the caves, or swim in the cenotes. Outside, there are many plants and animals to see. Kantun-Chi has an online reservation system that you should consult before going.
Ik kil Cenote in Mexico
Ik kil Cenote in Mexico

Cenotes near Chichén Itzá

  • Ik kil Cenote is one of the most photographed of the cenotes in Mexico. It’s the one with all the vines hanging down above the cavernous cenote. The problem is that all the photos have encouraged all the tourists, and Ik Kil can become really packed with people, making it not so fun. If you’re looking for a really great photo, arrive as early as possible or you won’t get a good one. If you’re looking for a really great cenote experience, don’t go to Cenote Ik Kil.
  • Cenote Yokdzonot bills themselves as a Maya wellness resource and eco-adventure destination, whatever that means. They are hoping you will commune with nature her. And, they have ziplines. Need I say more? Okay, they also have biking trails, rappeling, picnic spots, places to camp and a restaurant. It’s sort of your all around cenote experience at Yokdzonot.

For more in depth information on each of the cenotes, see this Ultimate Guide to the best cenotes.

Cenote in Mexico
Underground cenote in Mexico

Tips & Information for visiting Yucatan Cenotes

  • At the most popular cenotes in the area (including those listed above), facilities are set up to allow visitors to safely enjoy the experience. They all have changing facilities, bathrooms, refreshments and equipment, such as snorkeling gear, helmets and flashlights that you can rent. And most have devised creative methods for getting into the cenote, from ziplines that dunk you directly into the water, to tarzan-like vines you can swing in on.
  • The water in the cave is usually fresh water, not salt water, and is the clearest water I’ve ever seen. Of course, it should be, since it’s been filtered through the limestone for many years before reaching the pool below. While snorkeling in the cave with a flashlight, you can see all the way to the bottom with perfect clarity.
  • You don’t need much for your visit, so pack light. It’s best to leave expensive cameras behind. A small, waterproof camera will work best. Some of the parks, like Sac Actun, will take photos of you throughout your stay that they will sell you on a CD at the end.
  • You’ll want your swimming suit, towel, sunglasses and a pair of water shoes that won’t come off your feet while ziplining and snorkeling. It’s recommend not to wear sunscreen or other products in the water as the oils and chemicals can destroy the environment. If you absolutely must wear sunscreen, choose a biodegradable one with natural ingredients.

There are dozens of ways to enjoy Mexico cenotes, so if swimming in a dark cave or ziplining into the water aren’t your thing, you can also explore them on foot or just hang out at the water’s edge to admire the gleaming pools.

Visiting the cenotes is a very cool experience that you can only do in this part of Mexico, but it’s very important to be mindful of this natural wonder and keep it as pristine and incredible as when you found it. It’s sacred land, and should always be treated with respect.

Have you been to the cenotes of Mexico? What’s your favorite one?

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2 thoughts on “Explore an Underground World: Cenotes in Mexico

  1. Pingback: MEXICO: Where to Eat, Stay and Play in Tulum - A Pocket Travel Guide

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